ROBOT FRAMEWORK

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ROBOT FRAMEWORK

Table of Contents

▪       What is Robot Framework?

▪       Robot Framework Architecture and Test Flow

▪       Libraries

▪       Tools

▪       How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

▪       Robot Framework Usage with an Example

What is Robot Framework?

▪       Robot Framework is a generic test automation framework.

▪       It has easy-to-use tabular test data syntax.

▪       It utilizes the keyword-driven testing approach.

▪       Its testing capabilities can be extended by test libraries.

▪       Users can create new higher-level keywords from existing ones using the same syntax.

▪       It is operating system and application independent. The core framework is implemented using Python.

▪ Robot Framework itself is open source.

 

Robot Framework Architecture and Test Flow

▪       When test execution is started, the framework

first parses the test data.

▪       It then utilizes keywords provided by the test libraries to interact with the system under test.

▪       Libraries can communicate with the system either directly or using other test drivers. tools as

▪       Test execution is started from the command line and at the end of execution you get report and log HTML format as well as XML output.

 

Libraries

▪       Test libraries provide the actual testing capabilities to Robot Framework by

providing keywords

 

 Libraries

 Tools

 Tools

Tools

 

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

  • We will install Robot Framework with pip.
  • Pip is the standard Python package manager and is already installed if you’re

using Python 2 >=2.7.9 or Python 3 >=3.4

 

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

  • Step-1: Install Phyton

Go to https://www.python.org/ , download and install Python 2.7.x version

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

  • Step-2: Install Robot Framework

Open command prompt and run below command.

pip install robotframework

 

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

  • Step-3: Upgrade pip

Upgrade the pip with below command.

 python -m pip install -U pip

 How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

  • Step-4: Verifying Installation

After a successful installation, you should be able to execute below commands

and get both Robot Framework and interpreter versions.

robot –version

rebot –version

 

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

  • Note: If you have any problem please check Path configuration and restart

your PC. Path configuration must be as same as below figure.

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

Step-5: Upgrade Robot Framework

Upgrading to a new version required either using the –upgrade option:

pip install –upgrade robotframework

or specifying the version to use explicitly:

pip install robotframework==2.9.2

Note: You can uninstall Robot Framework anytime with below command.

pip uninstall robotframework

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

▪ Step-6: Installing RIDE (Robot Framework Test Data Editor)

▪ Python 2.6 is the minimum version.

▪ Notice that similarly as Robot Framework, RIDE does not yet support Python 3.

▪ Notice also that on OS X RIDE requires 32-bit Python version.

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

▪ Step-6: Installing RIDE (Robot Framework Test Data Editor)

▪ Step-6.1: Python must be installed. (We installed it)

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

▪ Step-6: Installing RIDE (Robot Framework Test Data Editor)

▪ Step-6.2: wxPyhton must be installed.

We need to install “wxPyhton2.8-win32-unicode-2.8.12.1-py27.exe” 32-bit version.

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

Step-6: Installing RIDE (Robot Framework Test Data Editor)

▪ Step-6.3: Install RIDE with below pip command

pip install robotframework-ride

 

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

Step-6: Installing RIDE (Robot Framework Test Data Editor)

▪ Step-6.4: After a successful installation, RIDE can be started from the command line by running ride.py.

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

Step-7: Install Selenium 2 (WebDriver) Library

Selenium2Library is a web testing library for Robot Framework that leverages the Selenium 2 (WebDriver) libraries from the Selenium project.

Installation Command:

pip install robotframework-selenium2library

How to install Robot Framework on Windows?

▪ Step-8: Upgrade Selenium 2 (WebDriver) Library

Upgrade Command:

pip install –upgrade robotframework-selenium2library

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ Test Scenario:

▪ Open www.kariyer.net

▪ Check Title

▪ Maximize Browser

▪ Go to User Login Page

▪ Enter User Name

▪ Enter Wrong Password

▪ Click Login

▪ Wait 2 seconds

▪ Assert Warning Message

▪ Close Browser

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ Directory Structure:

▪ setup.robot file holds Settings, Variables, Keywords information

▪ KariyerLoginTest.robot file contains Test Cases which are using our High Level Keywords

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ Setup.robot:

▪ KariyerLoginTest.robot:

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ Run the Test on Command Prompt

robot KariyerLoginTest.robot

▪ Report and log results will be automatically generated after the test execution.

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ Run the Test on RIDE

▪ Open cmd prompt and write “ride.py” and then press Enter. Then, you will see

RIDE editor.

▪ Go to File >> New Project and then give a name to your project as shown below.

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ Add Resource File

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ After adding Resource File

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ Write your robot test

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ Write your robot test

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ Run The Test

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ While Test is Running

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ When Test finished.

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ REPORT

Robot Framework Usage with an Example

▪ LOG

 

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